The works of Sakubei Yamamoto

The Transition of Lighting Equipment #17
1958 - 1963

Togu no Henka #17
[The Transition of Lighting Equipment #17]
19.9 x 27.2 cm Ink Painting

Text at the Bottom Left
In the same way as it always has, the safety lantern's light goes out and its glass chimney cracked when it was tilted about 30 degrees.
The miners at coal pits run by Mr. A in the Meiji era (1868-1912) were deducted 10 sen (0.1 yen) for a cracked glass chimney. Additionally, they had to buy a three-sen (0.03 yen) oil ticket (five-sen [0.05 yen] ticket later) at the mine store to borrow a safety lantern and received one in exchange for the ticket when they went into the pit.

Figures in the Box at the Top Right
Tin Lamps Using Blended Kerosene and Rapeseed Oil with a Cotton Wick (Jumu Ito) in the Meiji Era

Figures in the Box at the Bottom Right
A Brass Lamp (the upper one) and Tin Lamp (the lower one) Using Acetylene Gas in the Late-Meiji, Taisho (1912-1926), and Showa (1926-1989) Eras
Their upper and lower parts contained water and carbide respectively.

Figures in the Box at the Top Center
Safety Lanterns in the Meiji and Taisho Eras
[Right] Safety Lantern with a Clanny-type Whole Net Chimney
[Left] Safety Lantern with a Net and Glass Chimney Using Rapeseed or Fish Oil
A screw was installed in the hole in the projection and it was sealed with white dough to prohibit miners from opening the lantern.

Figures in the Box at the Bottom Center
Kerosene Safety Lanterns of German Make Used since the Late-Meiji or Taisho Era until Today
[Right] Safety Lantern with a Match Inserted from Its Bottom
[Left] Safety Lantern with a Lighter Handled from its Bottom and a Magnet to Fasten or Open the Door

Figure in the Inset at the Top Left
Present-day Battery-powered Cap Lamp

Translation Assisted by Mr. Nathan Johndro

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