The works of Sakubei Yamamoto
Omens, Superstitions, Taboos

Yamano Coal Pit #1: Mine Opening Construction Work
June 1965

Yamano #1: Shibahaguri/Kaiko Koji
[Yamano Coal Pit #1: Mine Opening Construction Work]
38.0 x 54.0 cm Painting in Watercolors and Ink

(The shown kakiita or rake used by a worker was called a "joren.")
Civil engineering work was required to build a pit mouth even if the black earth capping a coal seam (yakesaki) was exposed. This work was called shibahaguri. Where black capping earth was not exposed, the construction work took more time. The surface of the mountain was cut first before lowlands and valleys were filled in with the cut earth.
When Mitsui Yamano Coal Pit was opened in Inatsuki Village (which changed to Inatsuki Town after World War II), Kaho County in 1898, miners covered in a fox's den during the opening construction without knowing it. They said the fox became very angry and disturbed all of the mining work. This story was heard in the summer of 1899.

Translation Assisted by Mr. Nathan Johndro

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